شناسنامه علمی شماره
1. Contents, vol.21,Issue 3 - Serial Number 81, Autumn 2019
دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 1-3

چکیده
   Contents Illuminating Modern Western Skepticism.. 5 Nancey Murphy The Skepticism of Skeptical Theism.. 27 Edward Wierenga Religious Epistemology and Dialectic. 43 Hajj Muhammad Legenhausen Faith, Reason and Revealed Knowledge  in the View of Shi‘a Scholars. 59 Mohsen Javadi Does Tillich Have A Hidden Debt To Kant?. 73 Stephen R. Palmquist Telling Stories-Giving Reasons: Narrative Ethics revisited. 89 Jochen Schmidt Muslim Philosophers on the Relation between Metaphysics and Theology. 103 Mohammad Saeedimehr Agency and Virtues. 119 Zahra khazaei Avicenna’s View on the Role ...  بیشتر

مقاله علمی پژوهشی معرفت شناسی
2. Illuminating Modern Western Skepticism

Nancey Murphy

دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 5-26

http://dx.doi.org/10.22091/jptr.2019.4570.2162

چکیده
  Illuminating Modern Western SkepticismNancey Murphy*The goal of this article is to explain how the concept of Illumination came to be a source of skepticism in the modern West. In ancient and medieval Christian thought it was essentially tied not only to Plato’s philosophy, but especially to Augustine’s invention of the notion that the soul is an inner chamber containing all his knowledge, but also the locus of his encounter with God. The concept of the soul or mind as an inner chamber re-emerged in early modern western philosophy, but it was no longer open to illumination, John Locke ...  بیشتر

مقاله علمی پژوهشی فلسفه دین
3. The Skepticism of Skeptical Theism

Edward Wierenga

دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 27-42

http://dx.doi.org/10.22091/jptr.2019.4608.2171

چکیده
  Edward Wierenga*   Skeptical theism is a type of reply to arguments from evil against God’s existence.   The skeptical theist declines to accept a premise of some such argument, professing ignorance, for example, about whether God is justified in permitting certain evils or about the conditional probability that the world contains as much evil as it does, or evils of a particular sort, on the hypothesis that God exists. Skeptical theists are thus not supposed to be skeptical about theism; rather, they are theists who are skeptical about something else. But that raises the question ...  بیشتر

مقاله علمی پژوهشی فلسفه دین
4. Religious Epistemology and Dialectic

Hajj Muhammad Legenhausen

دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 43-58

http://dx.doi.org/10.22091/pfk.2019.4085.2065

چکیده
  Hajj Muhammad Legenhausen* Received: 20/02/2019     |       Accepted: 15/04/2019 Much recent discussion of the epistemology of religious belief has focused on justification of belief in the existence of God. Religious belief, however, includes much more than belief in God. In this paper, it is argued that the justification of belief in God is best seen in the context of other interrelated religious beliefs and practices. Philosophers of religion argue about whether religious belief requires evidence and on the sorts of arguments that have been presented. ...  بیشتر

مقاله علمی پژوهشی فلسفه دین
5. Faith, Reason and Revealed Knowledge in the View of Shi‘a Scholars

محسن جوادی

دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 59-72

http://dx.doi.org/10.22091/jptr.2019.4710.2196

چکیده
  |Mohsen Javadi*Received: 03/08/2019     |       Accepted: 07/09/2019The relationship between faith and reason can be discussed at two different levels. One is called Rreligious Eepistemology which deals with the rationality of faith, and while the second level deals with the relation of a set of data available to the human mind because of revelation and what is available to human mind throthough his reason.. In this paper I argue that the prominent way of justifying faith in contemporary Shi‘ite t Thought is the argument from the data of reason. ...  بیشتر

مقاله علمی پژوهشی فلسفه دین
6. Does Tillich Have A Hidden Debt To Kant?

Stephen R. Palmquist

دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 73-88

http://dx.doi.org/10.22091/jptr.2019.4191.2093

چکیده
  Stephen R. Palmquist*Received: 20/03/2019     |       Accepted: 15/04/2019After briefly recounting a strange, quasi-mystical experience I had while first reading Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, I devote most of this article to exploring various similarities between theories Kant developed and ideas more commonly associated with Paul Tillich. Hints are drawn from Chris Firestone’s book, Kant and Theology at the Boundaries of Reason, which argues that my interpretation of Kant echoes themes in Tillich’s ontology. Among the ...  بیشتر

مقاله علمی پژوهشی فلسفه اخلاق
7. Telling Stories-Giving Reasons: Narrative Ethics revisited

Jochen Schmidt

دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 89-102

http://dx.doi.org/10.22091/jptr.2019.4084.2064

چکیده
  Jochen Schmidt* Received: 02/03/2019     |       Accepted: 05/04/2019 The paper attempts to give a systematic survey of different strands and intentions of “narrative ethics” both in philosophy and in theology and proposes how to develop narrative ethics in the future. This proposal features three different dimensions of the term “moral vision,”, i.e. morally substantial ideas that are embedded in traditions (Moral Vision 1), the appropriation of these ideas by particular historical cultures or individuals (Moral Vision 2) ...  بیشتر

مقاله علمی پژوهشی متافیزیک
8. Muslim Philosophers on the Relation between Metaphysics and Theology

محمد سعیدی مهر

دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 103-118

http://dx.doi.org/10.22091/jptr.2019.4723.2201

چکیده
  Muslim Philosopherson the Relation between Metaphysics and Theology Mohammad Saeedimehr* Received: 01/07/2019     |       Accepted: 05/09/2019 In different parts of Metaphysics, Aristotle presents different (and apparently, conflicting) views on the nature and subject matter of the discipline in question. These different characterizations led to wide-ranging interpretations of the relation between metaphysics and philosophical theology. Muslim Philosophers adopted two different views. Al-Kindi and al-Farabi (in some of his works) endorsed the view ...  بیشتر

مقاله علمی پژوهشی فلسفه اخلاق
9. Agency and Virtues

زهرا خزاعی

دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 119-140

http://dx.doi.org/10.22091/jptr.2019.4673.2190

چکیده
  Zahra khazaei*Received: 01/07/2019     |       Accepted: 11/09/2019In the philosophy of action, agency manifests the capacity of the agent to act. An agent is one who acts voluntarily, consciously and intentionally. This article studies the relationship between virtues and agency to learn to what extent agency is conceptually and metaphysically dependent on moral or epistemic virtues; whether virtue is a necessary condition for action and agency, besides the belief, desire and intention? Or are virtues necessary merely for the moral or epistemic ...  بیشتر

مقاله علمی پژوهشی فلسفه اخلاق
10. Avicenna’s View on the Role of Practical Intellect in Performing Moral Action

سید احمد فاضلی

دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 141-158

http://dx.doi.org/10.22091/jptr.2019.4730.2197

چکیده
  Seyed Ahmad Fazeli* Received: 1/05/2019     |       Accepted: 10/07/2019 In Avicenna’s view, the practical intellect plays a basic and foundational role in producing moral action. By investigating this notion in the framework of Avicenna’s philosophy, we find that he regards perception and cognition as the main functions of the practical intellect. However, he considers this perception as particular, introducing it as different from the particularity of imaginary and estimative cognitions (animal perceptive faculties). This difference ...  بیشتر

نقظه نظر فلسفه دین
11. Can Religion be the Basis for Dialogue at the Global Level?

Reinhard Hesse

دوره 21، شماره 3 ، پاییز 1398، صفحه 157-162

http://dx.doi.org/10.22091/jptr.2019.4315.2113

چکیده
  Point of View Reinhard Hesse* Received: 01/05/2019       |       Accepted: 10/07/2019 As human beings do we at all have a common ground for dialogue and mutual understanding? Yes: what we as human beings have in common, is that we can use and understand arguments. In other words: that we are rational beings. 2. Is our capability for argumentation the only ground we have in common as the basis for dialogue and mutual understanding? There is no argumentation against argumentation. Argumentation can´t be transcended. Thus argumentation, ...  بیشتر