عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
One of the researches to break the impasse in "the human need for revelation and prophecy" is the evaluation and analysis of Avicenna’s views, as one of the great Muslim theorists and philosophers in this area. Avicenna has proposed two angles to this issue: first, from the individual and spiritual standpoint and second from the social and secular. As regard to the former, he considers the belief in God and spiritual journey in the light of religious teachings as the right path to salvation prosperity and ascension to the degrees of perfection. In his most philosophical work of “al-Esharat wa al-Tanbihat”, He has dedicated an attractive chapter entitled "Maghamat Alarfyn" (stations of gnostics) to examine the issue. In addition, he argued for the necessity of prophecy and religion through the need for a binding system of laws. However, Avicenna's discussion about the social and secular role of religion is to be sought for in his most detailed the Metaphysics of al-Shifa’ more than his any other books. Having proposed his arguments for the necessity of divine legislation and the need for revelation and prophecy for optimal administration of human society in this most precious philosophical work, Avicenna examined the implications and details of his theory. Providing the supreme law moral and spiritual education of people and designing the structure of the utopia and its institutions, Avicenna says, prophets pave the way for individual and collective prosperity. In this paper, the author has tried to survey and analyze this theory in full detail.