نقش فلسفۀ علم در برنامۀ پژوهشی تکامل

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیئت علمی گروه فلسفه علم دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران

چکیده

این مقاله پس از اشاره‌ای کوتاه به تأثیرات فلسفه در شکل‌گیری نظریۀ تکاملِ داروین، به ارتباط فیلسوفان زیست‌شناسی و زیست‌شناسان تکامل‌گرا در عصر حاضر می‌پردازد. نقش فیلسوف علم در متن جریانات علم، و بنابراین، نقش فیلسوف زیست‌شناسی در برنامۀ پژوهشی تکامل بیش از ایضاح مفاهیم و تعاریف، و پرده برداشتن از پیش‌فرض‌های پنهان است و شامل معرفی هم‌ارز‌های روش‌شناختی نظریه‌های متافیزیکی به دانشمندان و به عبارت دیگر، ارائۀ آموزه‌هایی روش‌شناختی بر اساس پیش‌فرض‌های متافیزیکی نیز هست. فیلسوفان زیست‌شناسی همچنین می‌توانند از رهگذر پیشنهاد مسایل، در جریان نقادی روشی (و نه محتوایی) به دانشمندان کمک کنند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Philosophy of Science in the Research Program of Evolution

نویسنده [English]

  • Hadi Samadi
چکیده [English]

Referring briefly to the effects of philosophy in the formation of Darwin's theory of evolution, this paper will survey the relationship between philosophers of biology and evolutionary biologists in the current age. The role of the philosopher of science in the streams of science, and therefore the role of the philosopher of biology in the evolutionary research program is more than just clarifying concepts and definitions, and revealing the hidden presuppositions; it rather includes introducing the methodological equivalents of some metaphysical theories to scientists, and, in other words, offering some methodological programs based on metaphysical presuppositions. By pointing at the problems, philosophers of biology can also help scientists in the process of criticizing the methodology (not the content).
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • biology
  • Philosophy
  • metaphysics
  • Evolution
  • Demarcation
  • Popper

 

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