Philosophy is Philosophy; a Study and Critique into the Essence of Combined Philosophies

Document Type : Research Paper


* Assistant professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Tehran (Fārābī campus)


It is just recently that the term «combined philosophies» has entered into our contemporary philosophy and those who advocate this have made a studious effort in order to explain and clarify their goals and motives for creating and composing this new and emerging term. In this study, we have tried to explain the problems and faults of such an approach in philosophy by taking its origin into consideration; and ultimately, we have shown that the variety and number of philosophies in terms of historical periods, have had a religious and cultural history in different societies and have been different in accordance to the variety of motives that were present for the philosophers, while paying attention to the fact that philosophy is a universal science whose topic is «existence in the sense that it exists». Therefore, if we return philosophy to its original meaning and take philosophical discussions seriously as per the demands of our time, there would no longer be a need for the composition and creation of this new term; especially if we pay attention to the fact that not only does this term not open new avenues for the progress of the advocates of philosophy, it also increases ambiguity and distortion in understanding and language in the field of philosophy and philosophical thought.


Main Subjects

-  Ayer, A. J. (1987). The A priori, In A priori Knowledge. ed. Paul K. Moser, New York, oxford University press.
-  Heidegger, M. (1968). What Is Philosophy?. trans. by Jean T. Wilde and William Kluback. New Haven: College & University Press.
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