Document Type : Research Paper
Instructor of Qom Seminary and PhD student of theological schools, University of Religions and denominations
Associate professor of University of religions and denominations and faculty member of department of Islamic denominations, the Research Center of Religions and Denominations
The Muslim Brotherhood, as an influential and popular movement, has had intellectual, cultural, and political activities in more than 70 countries, so studying their intellectual foundations, including anthropological ones, is of great importance. The Muslim Brotherhood views man as the creature of God, a two dimensional being composed of body and soul, of great abilities and innate human dignity. Therefore, Muslim Brotherhood thinkers believe that all men have such rights as equality, freedom, and mutual respect. Accordingly, pioneering in proximity of Islamic denominations and avoiding excommunication (Takfir) of other Islamic sects is one of the achievements of Muslim Brotherhood. This movement was founded by Hassan al-Banna, one of the founders of “Dar al-Taqrib Bayn al-Madhahib al-Islamiyya (the Center for Proximity of Islamic Denominations)". Reviewing library sources and gathering the relevant data and analyzing them with a descriptive-analytical method, the present paper studies the anthropological foundations of the Muslim Brotherhood movement and its role in "Islamic proximity".