Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant professor of department of theology, Payam-e-Noor University
PhD student of sciences of the Quran and hadith, Allamah Tabatabaii University, Tehran
The issue of miracle is closely related to the affirmation of Prophets’ Prophecy and is an important theological issue in the field of sciences of the Quran. Over the history, many scholars and thinkers have written about it and numerated different miraculous aspects for the Quran, including expressive miracle, hidden and mysterious reports and scientific miracle. There is unanimity about the definition of miracle which contains the concept of incapacity. However, the factor of incapacity has been ignored. If this factor is correctly explained, then the main aspect of the miracle of the Quran will be clear. The present paper first analyzes common disabling elements and characteristics between the Quran and miracles of other prophets and then reviews the definition of miracle and the aims of miracles. Finally it provides a new classification of the types of miracles. To this end, the first part of the paper represents previous scholars' views about miracle and the second part criticizes their views and proves its own claim, using Quranic verses and logical arguments. It is seems that the only miraculous aspect of the Quran is that it is the God's knowledge which is basically different from that of man. And if some scholars regard eloquence, rhetoric, hidden and mysterious reports and scientific miracle as the miracle of the Quran, they are horizontal to the main miraculous aspect, because the Quran is the speech of the absolute all-Wise God, so it is natural for the Quran to have these external and secondary aspects.