Examination of the Method of Mathew Lipman and the Role of Philosophy in "Philosophy for Children"

Document Type : Research Paper



Philosophy has gained a new meaning from the Lipman point of view, which has a particular role in applied philosophy in educational programs for children. The word philosophy in "philosophy for children" is used as the way of thinking, intended to familiarize children with the skills of understanding such as reasoning, true judgment, and acquiring the skills of social cooperation by analyzing the concepts of ordinary language to ultimately solve the problems of life. Lipman, following the Socrates pattern of critical thinking, with relying on the pragmatism, analytical philosophy, social and epistemic psychology, has found a new method of philosophizing for children, which is regarded as an innovative method from the philosophy of education perspective. In this article, referring to the influences of philosophers on Lipman, we explain his views concerning these skills.



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