عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
This essay explains the meaning of knowledge and perception as well as
different kinds and levels of them, moreover, illuminates sense perception
from Avicenna, Surawardi and Mulla sadra’s point of view. Avicenna and
Surawardi define knowledge and perception differently. But Mulla sadra
criticized their explanations innovating in the definition of knowledge and
perception. He believed the origin of knowledge and perception is
Existence but not Essence. In Avicenna’s eye, knowledge and perception
are divided into four main categories: 1: Sensory, 2: Imaginary, 3: Illusory,
4: Intellectual although Mulla sadra and Surawardi divided them into three
categories. Having a closer look, surawardi inserted illusory knowledge in
imaginary one, but Mulla sadra inserted it in intellectual knowledge.
Avicenna regards sense knowledge as material one while it is regarded as
abstract knowledge in Mulla sadra's eye. In fact, Mulla Sadra regards the
created form by soul similar to the form of appearance as sense knowledge.