Characteristics of an Islamic View of Cyber-Ethics

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسنده

Ph.D., Professor of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, University of Allameh Tabatabaʿi, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده

The current Cyber-ethics in Western societies (and its followers in other societies) have been compiled based on secularist presupposition. This presupposition has different principles in comparison with the Islamic attitude which can lead one to take a different approach toward ethical problems. This paper is an attempt to propose principles of Islamic cyber-ethics upon which we can prepare answers for the problems of cyber-ethics, having evident characteristics of an Islamic approach that are distinguished from secularist answers. After a prefatory study on the background of the Islamic attitude to ethics, these characteristics will be propounded under four categories: fundamental and content components, spiritual components, legal components, and penal components. Under these categories, themes such as giving importance to agent goodness, the basic difference in one’s goal of living an ethical life, the relation of reason and revelation, and the basis for the legitimacy of the penal justice system will be discussed. Needless to say, this paper does not seek to prepare arguments for this model, and such arguments can be discussed in other philosophical investigations.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Characteristics of an Islamic View of Cyber-Ethics

نویسنده [English]

  • Hamidreza Ayatollahy
Ph.D., Professor of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, University of Allameh Tabatabaʿi, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The current Cyber-ethics in Western societies (and its followers in other societies) have been compiled based on secularist presupposition. This presupposition has different principles in comparison with the Islamic attitude which can lead one to take a different approach toward ethical problems. This paper is an attempt to propose principles of Islamic cyber-ethics upon which we can prepare answers for the problems of cyber-ethics, having evident characteristics of an Islamic approach that are distinguished from secularist answers. After a prefatory study on the background of the Islamic attitude to ethics, these characteristics will be propounded under four categories: fundamental and content components, spiritual components, legal components, and penal components. Under these categories, themes such as giving importance to agent goodness, the basic difference in one’s goal of living an ethical life, the relation of reason and revelation, and the basis for the legitimacy of the penal justice system will be discussed. Needless to say, this paper does not seek to prepare arguments for this model, and such arguments can be discussed in other philosophical investigations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • agent goodness
  • action goodness
  • God’s commands
  • duty
  • Right
  • the penal system
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