عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The corruption of body after the departure of soul is a visible fact which needs no proof. Given the involvement of body in the creation of soul, however, the fact that soul does not corrupt along with the corruption of body needs to be proved. Therefore, the present paper seeks to provide an answer to this fundamental question "how does the soul continues to survive after the corruption of body while the body involves in its creation?" from the view of three great Muslim philosophers, Avicenna, Sohrevardi, and Sadr al-din Shirazi. The review of these philosophers' answers to the question indicates that Sadr al-din Shirazi, who differentiates between the creation and survival of soul in terms of immateriality, holds that body can be the condition of soul's creation at the beginning of the creation, but soul is needless of body for its survival. On the contrary, Avicenna and Sohrevardi, who regard soul as immaterial in creation and survival, hold that soul depends on receptive cause (body) and efficient cause in both creation and survival and that denying soul's dependence on receptive cause (body) in survival phase and its non-corruption along with corruption of body is a baseless claim.