عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
By the emergence of Islam, the rate of the knowledge of the people living in Arabia was promoted, but after the death of the Prophet the Muslim nation experienced separation and disagreement by the appearance of some political parties with their particular ideology. In response to the Umayyads as the Arab party emphasizing on mastery of Arab race and enforcing anti-religious policies, an equalitarian thought rejecting racism emerged under the title of "Ashab Taswiyeh"(equalitarians). This group was involved in extremism and a party named "Excessive Shu'ubiyyah" emerged. Each of them had its own goals, motivations, and plans but they had some common mottos such as: justice, rejection of racism, and equality. Shu'ubiyyah which emerged in reaction to the extremism of Umayyads got themselves involved in racialism ideas. Believing in privileged status of the Iranian race, they tried to effect theologians by their specific interpretation of the Qur'an. Shi'a’s theological school originated from the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet was immune from their deviations. In this article we try to explain the formation and the rate of their impact on Shi'a theology.