بررسی اخلاقی آموزشِ نوشتن بدافزارها و مهارتِ هک و نفوذ به سیستم‌ها

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی کامپیوتر (نرم‌افزار)، پژوهشگر جامعه الزهرا

2 استادیار پژوهشگاه علوم و فرهنگ اسلامی

چکیده

امروزه برگزاری دوره‌های آموزشیِ مهارتِ هک کردن رو به افزایش بوده و با استقبال زیادی مواجه شده است. در برخی کشورها آموزش هک و نوشتن بدافزارها جزء واحدهای درسی دانشجویان رشته‌های کامپیوتر و فناوری اطلاعات در نظر گرفته شده است. به اعتقاد برخی، از آنجا که آموزشِ مهارت هک و بدافزارنویسی ممکن است افراد را به سمت‌ فعالیت‌های مجرمانه سوق دهد و افراد از این مهارت سوء‌استفاده کنند، به ضرر جامعه است و بر همین اساس، غیراخلاقی است، اما برخی دیگر با این آموزش‌ها موافق‌اند و بر این باور‌اند که برای این‌که بتوانیم با مجرمان سایبری مقابله کنیم، باید بتوانیم مانند آن‌ها فکر کنیم. به اعتقاد این افراد، کارشناسان امنیتی برای فهم بهترِ نقاط ضعف امنیتی سیستم‌ها و مقابله با بدافزارها نیازمند یادگیری مهارت هک کردن و نوشتن بدافزارها هستند و از همین رو، آن را اخلاقی می‌دانند. بنابراین، با توجه به افزایش برگزاری دوره‌های آموزشی بدافزارنویسی و مهارت هک کردن و همچنین اهمیت امنیت رایانه‌ها، در این مقاله به تبیین، تحلیل و نقد و بررسی استدلال‌های موافق و مخالف اخلاقی بودن آموزش نوشتن بدافزارها و مهارت هک کردن پرداخته می‌شود و راه‌کارهایی برای استفاده اخلاقی از آموزش این مهارت‌ها ارائه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Ethical Study of Teaching Malware Writing, Hacking Skills and System Infiltration

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zaynab Ᾱlebūyeh 1
  • Alī Rezā Ᾱlebūyeh Ᾱlebūyeh 2
1 * Master's student of Computer Engineering (software), researcher at Jāmi‘at al-Zahrāʼ
2 Assistant professor, Islamic Culture and Science Research Center |
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, the number of courses teaching hacking skills is increasing and has encountered a very warm reception. In some countries, teaching hacking and writing malware has been considered as part of course credits for students of the fields of computer and information technology. According to some, since teaching hacking and malware writing may lead people to criminal activities and people may misuse this expertise, it is in detriment to the society and based on this, it is unethical; but some others agree with this instruction and believe that in order to confront cyber criminals, we must be able to think like them. According to this group, security experts need to learn hacking skills and malware writing in order to better understand the weakness in the security of systems and to deal with malware and therefore, they consider it ethical. Thus, considering the increase in the number of malware and hacking courses being held, and also the importance of the security of computers, this article delves into the explanation, analysis, critique and study of the ethical arguments for and against malware writing and hacking skills education and some measures for the ethical use of these skills will also be presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • hacking instruction
  • career ethics
  • information technology ethics
  • malware
  • hacker
  • infiltration test

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