نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
دانشجوی دکترای فلسفه دین و مسائل کلامیجدید دانشگاه آزاد اسلامیواحد علوم و تحقیقات اصفهان.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Guardianship is a general fact and divine feature that flows through all levels of the
universe and is distributed into different ranks and based on such ranks needs ending. Neglecting these ranks causes lots of agitation and obscurity in comprehending and interpreting Ibn-Arabi and his followers' words. Seyed Jalal-al-Din Ashtiani has a significant role in compiling the theory of ending of guardianship in Ibn-Arabi's words and resolving its difficulty. Considering his mind as a guardianship follower and his scientific liberty, he tried to interpret and explain the most challengeable arguments in Ibn-Arabi's school, with proficiency and mastery in Islamic Philosophy and Gnosticism, in a way that he could minimize its contradictions with Shia's bases.
He criticizes Ibn-Arabi's thought explicitly and does not give up his principles; meanwhile, he refers Mohyi-al-Din misgivings to his conformations to prove that ending of guardianship after Respectful prophet of Islam, comes true with Imam Ali by level of ranking and with Hazrat Mahdi by time.
In this article after defining and categorizing the concept of guardianship according to the works of Ashtiani, we investigate the extentions of ending of guardianship and explain his attitude towards Alavi, Mahdavi and Christian guardianship and show the effects of considering ranks in order to remove agitation from Ibn-Arabi's Words insofar as it is possible.
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