نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
1 گروه فلسفه، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بین&lrm;المللی امام خمینی، قزوین، ایران.
2 دانشیار گروه فلسفه، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بین‎المللی امام خمینی، قزوین، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In this paper, we attempt to explain the concept and its types by outlining the various meanings of "Implicit Bias". These biases can be indirectly identified in anyone through experimental tests. These biases have different epistemological consequences, namely skepticism. Jennifer Saul has argued that we have very compelling reasons to believe that our judgments, decisions, and evaluations of propositions and arguments are influenced by the social groups that the person making that argument or statement is a member of. Thus, she points out that we make mistakes in the majority of the judgments we make on a daily basis. In light of this, we may be skeptical about the need to take practical action. We argue that Saul's view is ambiguous in several ways: 1- Her discussion of skepticism depends on adopting a certain type of meaning for implicit bias and does not necessarily include other meanings. 2- In Saul's view, the mind does not participate in the creation of belief and acts as a neutral machine. 3- Saul's argument is self-defeating. 4- She has not given precise and general criteria for implicit bias effectiveness. 5- Her evaluation of traditional skepticism's ineffectiveness in society is incorrect. Finally, 6- The degree of effectiveness varies from person to person, and the extent of its strength or weakness differs from person to person.
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