نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
دکتری فلسفۀ معاصر دانشگاه تهران، دانشکدگان فارابی؛
عنوان مقاله [English]
John Cottingham considers the understanding of religious belief conditional on practical participation in the life of faith. In his opinion, the factor that causes people to become religious is not intellectual discussions about God, but the internal aspects of religion itself and the transforming power of religious practices in human life and experiences. belief in God is a product of trust and participation in a living community of faith. He is also under the approach of indirect belief involuntarism. His view faces several criticisms: First, the belief resulting from the practical path is only psychological certainty, and such certainty is beyond the logic of confirmation. Second, knowledge of God and a practical system is a condition for entering it and takes precedence over it. The third critique is the issue of the plurality of religions and practical systems that cause people to mistrust the reasons of the heart. The fourth criticism is that entering a practical system is a confirmation of its benefits, and someone who does not believe this, will not have a reason to enter such a system. His view on the involuntary nature of belief is similar to the view of Allameh Tabatabai, with the difference that Cottingham and Pascal consider rational arguments ineffective in the realization of belief and scientific confirmation and emphasize practical commitment as a prerequisite for the realization of such confirmation, but Allameh considers the prerequisites for the realization of the affirmation of faith to be scientific prerequisites and rational proofs.
ارسال نظر در مورد این مقاله