عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The present article – which is a deliberation upon Phaedo, a Plato’s notable writing in dialogue form – first, remarks that according to Plato, death-thinking is among the major concerns of a philosopher and the cause of joy and cheerfulness on the point of death, is the belief in the life after death, which is much more pleasant than worldly life in view of good men. Can one say that the life after death is a mere imagination hold by some philosophers like Socrates? It is here that one is seriously confronted with the question of the immortality of the soul. The paper, next, discusses two Platonic notions of the soul as simple soul and tripartite soul, and while finding an explanation for gathering these notions, it shows that what is discussed in Phaedo is the same simple soul. In the continuation of the paper, Plato’s four demonstrations on the immortality of the soul are examined critically. And finally it reconsiders and discusses Plato’s two objections to the immortality of the soul as well as his own answers to them.