عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Humanism is a coherent system of thought that claims ontological, epistemological, educational, aesthetic, political, moral and raises its own.
For a better understanding of humanism, it is necessary to have a look at the history of the genesis of the idea. The term "humanism" or "humanismus" is used today, the term "humanista" is derived was used during the Renaissance and the teachers and students pointed humanities. The last word, the older term "studia umanistaties" is derived. In the early Christian centuries, the Latin word referring to the study of Greek and Roman pagan texts before the advent of Christianity, the church still retained. The most famous specialist in reading and understanding these texts at the time of Jerome (354 420 m), respectively. In the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance, the word was more common at that time, the word refers to a training program includes a focus on meaning, expression, originality, history and ancient philosophy, but of logic, natural philosophy, metaphysics and mathematics was not included. In Italy, the word "humaneimen" refers to a movement dedicated to the study of the classics, especially his study and revival of Plato.