عنوان مقاله [English]
Hobbes's status in the present texts on philosophy, politics and society is high and influential because he has explicated and explained one of the most important issues of political philosophy and politics, i.e. power and state, systematically and comprehensively. In his book entitled "leviathan", Hobbes took the first step in scientizing the politics by applying accuracy and certainty of mathematics rules to the field of politics, regarded leviathan or state as an artificial man using instrumental and organic metaphors and tried to explain all events and human desires, behaviors, conducts and feelings on the basis of the principle of motion using a mechanistic and materialistic analysis of man's nature. The gist of leviathan is that if society members want to have complete security in the society and observance of laws which aim to establish security does not harm them, they must entrust all their powers to an individual or a group. However, Hobbes's importance, first of all, lies in the fact that he established a relationship between exact sciences (e.g. geometry and mathematics) and such sciences as physics and psychology in his methodology and tried to use them in political studies and establishment of state. Therefore, he regarded geometric analysis-like method as a good and reasonable method to analyze all issues.