نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
استادیار گروه فلسفه و کلام دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
Providing an explanation of pleasure, man's perfection and essence in Sadrian theosophy, Bentham's act-based utilitarianism which bases the value of act on its pleasure, his seven criteria and criticizing them, the present paper seeks to prove that the existence of perfection is prior to the existence of pleasure raised from perfection in Sadrian theosophy. Ordinary man's motive to act is first to achieve pleasure and then the perfection itself. In this case, therefore, pleasure is posterior to perfection in terms of existence and subject can be prior to achieving and approximating perfection in terms of motive. Of course, some followers of Sadrian theosophy believe that friends of God have disconnected from their pleasure and that achieving perfection is prior to pleasure in terms of existence and the aim of subject is prior to the existence and perception of pleasure for them. Therefore, friends of God worship Him for His essence not for pleasure which is posterior to absolute perfection. According to Bentham, however, the only motive of man's acts is pleasure, that is, subject is prior to achieving and approximating pleasure in terms of motive and pleasure in prior to everything in terms of existence.
Bentham, Jeremy (2000). An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Kitcheners, Batches Book
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