نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
استادیار گروه فلسفه و کلام دانشگاه شیراز
عنوان مقاله [English]
Demonstrating substantial motion and gradual movement of a being's nature from potentiality towards actuality, Sadrian philosophy proves the existence of a matter, beside the form and actuality of a being, which bears this potentiality. The claim means that man's intellective soul will have no perfection after its separation from body. On the other hand, religious texts have stipulated soul's perfection in intermediate world and other world when it separated from body. Since there can be no contradiction between intellect and pure religion, philosophers believe that this contradiction is rooted in human thoughts. Therefore, they have taken for granted the definitive content of religion and have tried to solve the problem. Some have accepted the renewal of likes and others have regarded the arguments for matter as inefficient. Still others have attributed immateriality only to the essence of the Most High God. It should be added that the aim of man's intellective soul is nearness and reaching to the indefinite Divine Being. Thus, soul's perfection cannot be limited to material limits; rather, it is limitless and should continue in other worlds. As Quranic verses and traditions imply, this perfection will not be immediate and abrupt. This is another solution for the aforementioned contradiction proposed in the present paper after reviewing some views on the possibility of substantial motion of soul separated form body.
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