عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
A.A. Mosleh & S.R. Musavi Moghaddam
According to Descarte, man is an autonomous being whose essence is thought.
God is also taken as “pure thought” which plays an epistemological role in his
philosophy. God is merely a creature and a guarantee for the continuity of
nature’s mechanical rules. In other words, He is the same as the nature and
rules. Man, in this mechanical world, is merely a machine possessing, unlike
other creatures, a soul but yet alongside other things is only a creature of God.
God has created man and left him to himself. Like the stable rules of the
world, man is simply a rule of this natural aimless world. On the basis of
Tabatabaei's perspective, Cartesian man is an abrogated one which is alienated
from his identity. One of the important issues concerning anthropology in the
west, particularly in modern age, is the discussion about the essence of man
and its relation to God as the origin of the world and the absolute reality. The
main theme of this research is to examine the relation of man to God
according to Descartes’ philosophy and then to criticize it in line with
22. –––––––، علیاصغر، 1388، تمهیدی برای فهم انسان در فلسفه معاصر: رهیافتهای فکری- فلسفی معاصر در غرب، ج1، تهران، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی.
هوسرل، ادموند، 1386، تأملات دکارتی، عبدالکریم رشیدیان، تهران، نشرنی، چاپ دوم.