عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The proof of truthful ones, which is taken as the most forceful argument in
this regard, has different readings. Tabatabai has offered the last one.
Explaining this reading, we proceed to mention some critical points. The first
one is that the rejection of objective reality doesn’t lead to the approval of
“objective reality”; it just invokes a reality which can be a conceptual being.
The second point is that in the last premise of the proof which is theoretical,
“all reality” is understood as the “the Absolute Reality” (the Necessary
Being). This issue is not only inconsistent with his claim, but also calls the
proof into question. The third one is that assuming the validity of his reading
in proving absolute reality and its being in itself, it lacks a clear explanation to
prove its being for-itself. And finally, mediation of the world and the passing
world (namely the observation of non-being) in his reading of the proof, while
all its mediations supposed to be merely ontological, doesn’t meet with the
title of the proof: truthful ones. Thus, even if we accept the validity of his
reading and its ability to prove the absolute reality and its being in itself and
for itself, it cannot be called the proof of truthful ones.