عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
One of Hegel's four books is Phenomenology of Spirit which was published during his life time. In this book, which was a prelude to his whole philosophical system, Hegel on the one hand acknowledged the spirit as the only truth governing the world in which the trends of world recognition is mirrored, and on the other hand he elevated the scope of human understanding beyond the range of daily experience and interpreted that in the deeper layers of philosophical knowledge. Accordingly, it can even be said that the dominance of spirit over the world is somehow relying on philosophical knowledge and recognition process which is based on inner man's experience. Thus Hegel began his work from the experience of usual understanding, i.e. the certainty of senses understandable for all humans. He gradually led the course of soul evolution to the deepest layers of understanding namely perception, self-consciousness and intellect. The product of this philosophical Journey of spirit is to reach its original position called the absolute idealism. In this final stage, the absolute spirit spreads its unquestioned dominance over the world and overcomes the lack of absolute truth it felt at the beginning of its departure. Having traveled the long and meander roads in his phenomenology, Hegel had the dream of getting the true knowledge in order to prove his big philosophical claim that was the interpretation of truth as reality and reality as truth. When the true knowledge is achieved, the world becomes “the realized wisdom”, the spirit. It is in this "realized wisdom" that the particular is reconciled with the universal and Absolute Spirit or God fully reveals Himself to the universe. At this phase, Hegel's says, man and God come near to each other and thus the spirit can be seen in its unity.
16 – Hegel, 1971, Phenomenology of spirit. Trans. A.V. Miller. OxfordUniversity Press.
17 – Hegel, 1991, Ellements of the right, trans, H.B.NisbetCambridgeUniversity.