عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The ancient and long history of philosophy and philosophers of nations especially of Greece are worthy of examination from different dimensions. One of such dimensions is their claim of being a prophet, or at least the claim that their views ideas and knowledge have a source from revelation. Referring to the ideas of Sohrawardi and Molla Sadra, the author has surveyed the issue in their points of view just because they have paid more time to it than the others, thus they left numerous texts and manuscripts as to the issue. Along with, however, apparent meanings and explicit texts of the Qur'an, the views of some earlier and later scholars are set forth, as well. This possibility can ultimately be strengthened that some philosophers were prophets or at least their teachings have a source from revelation, thus the contribution of all cultures in the evolutionary process of science and knowledge, both theoretical and practical, are emphasized. This process started with the first prophet Adam (PBUH), passing the long rough path through history, and will reach its final perfection by the last infallible vicegerent of Allah, Holy Mahdi (PBUH).
The result of this paper is to find a way out of the theoretical deadlock of cultural exclusivism to respect for the shared legacy of all human cultures and knowledge. As it were, our approach to other cultures, as far as they are compatible with ours, is to be taken positive. Cultural cooperation and mutual sharing of our knowledge ought to be our priority and we’d better be optimist in the first place, unless the situation is otherwise.
12. ___________، 1384، جرعهای از صهبای حج ،قم، نشر مشعر.
27. ویلیام هلزی، 1363، تاریخ وفلسفه علم، ترجمه عبد الحسین آزرنگ نشر سروش