عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The echo of the Enlightenment and liberalism has spread all over the world, so that deliberately or non-deliberately they have gained influence on the opinions and activities of thinkers and the masses. To recognize their results and the proper reaction against them, the present article introduces one of the main pillars of the Enlightenment and liberalism, i.e. rationalism, which is in close relationship with the principle of individualism; it also displays the invalidity of pure rationality, which is independent of everything non-rational as well as separated from Tradition. The best evidence for such invalidity is the frustration of its advocates in presenting some rational principles which can be common between all human beings; moreover, in the process of taking hold of rationality and being delivered from Tradition, liberalism itself not only changed into a tradition but also took on the form of an ideology which has caused modern man a lot of perplexity and distress.