عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The Caliphate question, that’s, the succession of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him and his progeny) is disputed, after the departure of the Messenger of Allah, by his Companions. One group, whose supporters became known as Sunnis, considers it as a matter depended on election; in other words, they maintain that it is a legal affair which has entrusted with Muslims. The other one, whose followers became known as Shi`as, emphasizes that Imāmate is a theological case which has depended on designation and appointment. While preserving unity and avoiding aggravating remarks, the present essay seeks to demonstrate the Shi`i viewpoints through rational and traditional proofs.