عنوان مقاله [English]
Using his mastery in Islamic philosophy and natural sciences and his familiarity with modernity, Seyyed Hussein Nasr criticizes the theory of evolution. The present paper reviews his criticisms and arguments against the theory of evolution and its effects. He believes that an objectless thing cannot be existence-giver and blind nature with any time extension is not its creator. This is a sense which will be clear by contemplation on God’s (The Truth) agency which is existence-giver not preparatory cause. It is logically impossible for higher existing forms to evolve from lower existing ones. From a heavenly perspective, the only accepted meaning of evolution is the actualization of hidden powers of an object. In Nasr’s view, improper generalization of evolutional necessities to ethics, anthropology and other disciplines, modern world’s treatment of evolution as an ideology not a mere scientific theory, negating heavenly affairs and having a historical view about them and representing material and natural things as heavenly without taking into consideration the hierarchy of existence are among the criticisms which can be directed against those who claim Evolution.