نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه دین دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم تحقیقات تهران
2 استادیار گروه فلسفه دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Plato's theology as a part of his intellectual system is under the influence of some components which has affected his entire thoughts. As he proposes intellectual and sensual realms in the field of ontology and metaphysics under the influence of his own Parmenidean and Heraclitean heritage, so he propounds a transcendent realm in the field of theology, in which such features as stability and even a kind of similarity with theological systems of religions can be found. However, he needs some gods to play a role in the changing world in order to exert influence and explain these changes. Therefore, a kind of theology related to this worldly realm or an emanative theology in formed. As a result, Plato's promised and familiar dualism in ontology and epistemology appears in theology as well. The present paper claims that demiurge and goodness can be regarded as two sides of a same coin and demiurge as a more individualistic and enclosed form for supreme and transcendent goodness.
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