عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The school of separation (Tafkik) accepts the existence of pre-existence world based on such foundations as inclusiveness of real sciences in revealed sciences, the authenticity of appearances, non-detachment of spirit, priority of creation of spirit over creation of body, separation between intellect and essence of spirit, and existence of worlds before this world. The pre-existence world is of great importance in this school due to its relation with natural cognition of monotheism, the reason of prophets' mission, and the criterion of personality's identity. The theorists of this school provide transmitted reasons for the existence of pre-existence world, among which the tradition used in the commentary of verse 172, Chapter 7 (Sura A'raf- the elevated places) is of special significance. This school provides solutions to those problems raised on the existence of pre-existence world. These problems are divided into two groups, one claiming that the existence of this world is impossible and the other one holding that the reasons provided for the realization of this world are not sufficient. There are five main problems is group one and two in group two. The answers provided for these two groups by theorists of this school are based on their principles, which are centered on transmitted reasons and criticism of foundations of each problem.
Ja'far Isfahani, Reza Akbari
ملاصدرا، محمد، 1981، الحکمة المتعالیة فی اسفار العقلیة الاربعة، بیروت، دار احیاء التراث، چاپ سوم.