تازه های تحقیق
این نوشتۀ کوتاه تا حدودی بیانگر آن است که افلاطون، فلاسفه و دانشمندان دیگر یونان باستان، هسته و بذر اندیشههای حکمی خود را مدیون شرقیهایی هستند که پیش از آنان به بسیاری از مسائل حکمی و فلسفی پرداختهاند.
عنوان مقاله [English]
There is a robust proliferative mainstream of narrations about the ancient easterners' and Iranians' thought impact upon the ancient Greek philosophers. From western thinkers, there has remained a valuable works concerning the impact. In this article, my main objective is to somewhat reread this susceptibility of Plato's philosophical thought. My attention is attracted toward some western philosophy historians' views pertaining to the origin and provenance of philosophy. Émile Bréhier contends that there is no definite response to this problem. Since ancient times, there have been two opposite stances upon this issue. Bréhier maintains that the Greeks themselves did not excogitate philosophy but inherited it from non-Greek peoples. Charles Werner holds that the Greeks did owe their philosophy-doing to the easterners, and were entirely aware of this fact, and have portrayed heartily respect while speaking of the eastern civilization and sciences. Plato can be recognized as one among many others who has been influenced by the ancient eastern and Iranian thought. He has benefited mostly from the ancient easterners' and Iranians' thought in formulating such theories as ideas or forms, philosopher ruler, different human taxonomies within Ideal State (or Utopia), etc. He has been able to reread and scrutinize these theories within his own philosophy.